How is the relationship between business and human rights?
Although human rights treaties are ratified by the government and not the company, the Universal Declaration in its preamble states that ” every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights” Under the Universal Declaration, business is responsible for respecting human rights, which means that businesses must not violate the rights of others.
Business is responsible for respecting human rights, which means that businesses must not violate the rights of others.
Business and human rights are actually very related
Business in general will not integrate human rights in its operation starting from 0 because human rights have implicitly existed in various existing business practices, such as the division of Human Resources, Supplier Compliance, Product Safety, and others.
Three pillar frameworks on business and human rights
Pillar 1: The responsibility of State to Protect
The government has committed itself to respect, protect, promote and fulfill the human rights of its citizens through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and articles of human rights in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The government carries out the obligation to protect the public from human rights violations through policy, regulation and law enforcement.
What is the purpose of government human rights protection for companies?
Companies will be able to operate better in a strong legal state. Good protection and governance will create a fair playing field for businesses. Good governance will also create sufficient protection for both interests: commercial interests, the interests of human rights workers, and other corporate stakeholders.
Complementary: Responsibilities of state and corporations
The responsibility of state to protect and the responsibility of company to respect are two different responsibilities that complement each other. When one party does not fulfill its responsibilities properly, the other party is still required to carry out its obligations.
Pillar 2: Corporate Responsibility to Respect
Businesses are responsible for respecting human rights, meaning that businesses must not violate the human rights of anyone.
Uji Tuntas Hak Asasi Manusia
Human rights due diligence needs to be carried out so that companies realize and able to mitigate negative human rights impacts caused by business activities. Learn more about human rights due diligence.
Pillar 3: Access to Remedy
It is necessary to have access to remedy for human rights violations caused by business activities through legal or non-legal channels.
Sejarah Gerakan PBB terkait Kepatuhan Korporasi
Kerangka Kerja Bisnis dan HAM merupakan hasil dari perkembangan kebijakan Kepatuhan Korporasi yang panjang di dunia internasional. Gambar di bawah ini menunjukan sejarah gerakan Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa terkait Kepatuhan Korporasi.
- ELSAM dan Komnas HAM (2017), “Rencana Aksi Nasional Bisnis dan Hak Asasi Manusia”. Jakarta: Komnas HAM.
- Global Compact, “Global Compact 2018 Progress Report: Asia Pacific Analysis”, 2018.
- Inisiatif Bisnis dan Hak Asasi Manusia (2010), “Bagaimana Menjalankan Bisnis dengan Menghormati Hak Asasi Manusia: Sebuah Alat Panduan bagi Perusahaan,” Den Haag: Global Compact Network Netherlands
- INFID, “Kertas Kebijakan: Menuju Implementasi Prinsip-Prinsip Panduan PBB tentang Bisnis dan HAM di Indonesia”, 2018.
- Kementerian Luar Negeri, “Draf Panduan Bisnis dan HAM versi 13 Desember 2018”, Jakarta, 13 Desember 2018.
- Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance, “Pedoman Umum Good Corporate Governance Indonesia”, 2006, diakses melalui <http://www.ecgi.org/codes/documents/indonesia_cg_2006_id.pdf>, hal. 5, dikunjungi pada tanggal 27 Desember 2018.
- Proyek Shift, ‘Advising the Peruvian Financial Regulator on Improved Corporate Management of Social Conflict’ [Memberikan masukan pada Pengatur Keuangan Peru tentang Manajemen Perusahaan terkait Konflik Sosial yang Lebih Baik].
- Illustration: www.freepik.com