Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue on Business and Human Rights Series XII: Business Action on Human Rights and Climate Change

 

Indonesia Global Compact Network (IGCN) organized multi-stakeholder dialogue on business and human rights series XII themed “Business Action on Human Rights and Climate Change” on Tuesday, 27th August 2019. The event was conducted in partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia and UNDP.

The dialogue was focusing on the intersection between human rights and climate change in business practices. Mr. Achsanul Habib as the Director of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia delivered the opening remarks and expressed the institution’s support towards the initiative.  Mr. Christophe Bahuet as the Resident Representative of UNDP congratulated the progress that had been made for the past 2 years by the government institutions, such as Coordinating Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Law and Human Rights and KOMNAS HAM and the private sectors facilitated by the IGCN.

Mrs. Nurdiana Darus, as the Head of Corporate Affairs and Sustainability of PT Unilever Indonesia Tbk acted as moderator in the two sessions. Government stakeholders were invited as the first session as panelists. Mr. Prabianto Mukti Wibowo, Assistant Deputy Ministry for Forest Governance and Focal Point for Business and Human Rights at the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, has highlighted the progress made in the National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights. Mr. Ramadansyah Hasan, Deputy Director for Economic, Socio Cultural, and Development Rights, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, explains Indonesia’s engagement at the international level on UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP). The government welcomes the UNGP principles as long as the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are not burdened. Ir. Emma Rachmawaty, Msc, Director of Climate Change Mitigation from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, elaborates how the government aim to achieve the 2030 carbon emission reduction target through community based incentives and empowerment.

During the second session, representatives from the private sector were invited to join the government representatives as panelists. Mr. Agus Purnomo as the Managing Director of Sustainability and Strategic Stakeholder Engagement, PT SMART, Tbk explained that PT SMART is currently developing Business and Human Rights Policy to complement their sustainable business efforts. Mr. Firman Dharmawan as the Senior Manager Corporate Sustainability & Risk Management, PT Medco Energi Internasional Tbk, has talked about the best practices and challenges on transitioning to renewable energy business. Mrs. Okty Damayanti of CSR Division Head and Director of PT Adaro Energy Tbk, has highlighted sustainable practices on reclamation and closing of mining site.

The panelists were responded by commentary from discussants. Mr. Johan Kieft, Senior Technical Specialist on Land-use and Green Economy of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), highlighted the importance of coordinated actions between various stakeholders to tackle environmental and human rights issues in the business sector. Ms. Sera Noviany, Footprints and Social Compliance Head of Asia Pulp and Paper (APP), highlighted APP’s efforts related to human rights and reduction of carbon emissions. Mr. Sihol Aritonang, President Director of PT Riau Andalan Pulp & Paper also highlighted the importance of human rights indicators to track businesses progress. Mr. Thomas Dharmawan from APINDO (Indonesia’s Employers Association) highlighted the challenges of practicing the UNGP for MSMEs and the applicability of international standards for Indonesian context.

Mr. Junardy as the President of IGCN delivered closing remarks on the importance of scaling up business and human rights education by partnership with the universities. Synchronisation between local governments, central government, private sectors, and the UN is also important to shift the society mindset in implementing sustainable businesses respecting human rights and mitigating climate change.

Key takeaways from the dialogue are, human rights and climate change are closely interconnected, as the impact of climate change will adversely affect the livelihood and human survival. Moreover, the government and private sector partnership is the key in addressing the urgency of climate change and achieving 1.5°C warming limit.

 

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